Doyle was a staunch supporter of compulsory and wrote several articles advocating for the practice and denouncing the views of. The Appeal's Pocket Series. A is over the front door.
Doyle was a keenand between 1899 and 1907 he played 10 matches for the MCC. Retrieved 5 October 2014. The Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The Life and Times of Arthur Conan Doyle. But technically his last name is too 'Doyle'. An Entirely New Country: Arthur Conan Doyle, Undershaw and the Resurrection of Sherlock Holmes. One of the five photographs of Frances Griffiths with thetaken by Elsie Wright in July 1917 Doyle was also inspired by his Spiritualist beliefs to write a novel on the subject,featuring the character Professor Challenger. Arthur Conan Doyle: Beyond Baker Street. The story of Doyle and Edalji was dramatised in an episode of the 1972 BBC television series, The Edwardians.
Doyle's father died in 1893, in the , , after many years of psychiatric illness. Conan Doyle and the Mysterious World of Light, 1887—1920. From 1876 to 1881, Doyle studied medicine at the , including periods working in then a town in , now part of , and , Shropshire. While studying, Doyle began writing short stories.
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes - The plans were realised in full, but neither the golf course nor the buildings have survived. Doyle had served as a volunteer doctor in the Langman Field Hospital at between March and June 1900.
For the rugby player, see. Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle 22 May 1859 — 7 July 1930 was a British writer best known for his featuring the character. Originally a , in 1887 he published , the first of four novels about Holmes and. In addition, Doyle wrote over fifty short stories featuring the famous detective. The Sherlock Holmes stories are generally considered milestones in the field of. Arthur Conan Doyle Jean Leckie m. It also names Michael Conan as his. Shortly after he graduated from high school he began using Conan as a sort of surname. But technically his last name is simply 'Doyle'. Nevertheless, the actual use of a compound surname is demonstrated by the fact that Doyle's second wife was known as Jean Conan Doyle rather than Jean Doyle. Portrait of Doyle by , 1893 Doyle was born on 22 May 1859 at 11 Picardy Place, , Scotland. His father, , was born in England, of descent, and his mother, Mary née Foley , was Irish Catholic. His parents married in 1855. In 1864 the family dispersed because of Charles's growing , and the children were temporarily housed across Edinburgh. In 1867, the family came together again and lived in squalid at 3. Doyle's father died in 1893, in the , , after many years of psychiatric illness. Supported by wealthy uncles, Doyle was sent to England, at the , in at the age of nine 1868—70. He then went on to until 1875. While Doyle was not unhappy at Stonyhurst, he did not have any fond memories since the school was run on medieval principles, with subjects covering rudiments, , , , and the classics. From 1875 to 1876, he was educated at the Jesuit school in , Austria. His family decided that he would spend a year there with the objective of perfecting his and broadening his academic horizons. He later rejected the Catholic faith and became an. A source attributed his drift from religion to science and reason to the time spent in the less strict Austrian school. He also later became a. From 1876 to 1881, Doyle studied medicine at the , including periods working in then a town in , now part of , and , Shropshire. During that time, he studied practical botany at the in Edinburgh. While studying, Doyle began writing short stories. As after his graduation from university in 1881, he was ship's surgeon on the SS Mayumba during a voyage to the coast. He completed his degree an advanced degree in Scotland beyond the usual medical degrees on the subject of in 1885. In 1882, Doyle joined former classmate George Turnavine Budd as his partner at a medical practice in , but their relationship proved difficult, and Doyle soon left to set up an independent practice. Arriving in in June 1882, with less than £10 £900 today to his name, he set up a medical practice at 1 Bush Villas in Elm Grove,. The practice was not successful. While waiting for patients, Doyle returned to writing fiction. Doyle was a staunch supporter of compulsory and wrote several articles advocating for the practice and denouncing the views of. In early 1891, Doyle attempted the study of in. He had previously studied at the Portsmouth Eye Hospital to qualify to perform eye tests and prescribe glasses. Vienna was suggested by his friend Vernon Morris as a place to spend six months and train to be an eye surgeon. Doyle found it too difficult to understand the German medical terms at the classes in Vienna and quickly quit his studies there. For the rest of his two-month stay in Vienna, he pursued other activities, such as with his wife Louisa and drinking with Brinsley Richards of the London Times. He also wrote The Doings of Raffles Haw. After visiting and , he spent a few days in observing Edmund Landolt, an expert on diseases of the eye. Within three months of his departure for Vienna, Doyle returned to London. He opened a small office and consulting room at 2 Upper Wimpole Street, or 2 Devonshire Place as it was then. A is over the front door. He had no patients according to his autobiography and his efforts as an ophthalmologist were a failure. Main article: Sherlock Holmes Doyle struggled to find a publisher for his work. His first work featuring Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, , was taken by on 20 November 1886, giving Doyle £25 £2500 today for all rights to the story. The piece appeared one year later in the and received good reviews in and the. Holmes was partially modelled on his former university teacher. John Watson owes his surname, but not any other obvious characteristic, to a Portsmouth medical colleague of Doyle's, Dr James Watson. A sequel to A Study in Scarlet was commissioned, and appeared in in February 1890, under agreement with the Ward Lock company. Doyle felt grievously exploited by Ward Lock as an author new to the publishing world and he left them. Short stories featuring Sherlock Holmes were published in the. Doyle wrote the first five Holmes short stories from his office at 2 Upper Wimpole Street then known as Devonshire Place , which is now marked by a memorial plaque. Sherlock Holmes statue in Edinburgh, erected opposite the birthplace of Doyle, which was demolished c. He takes my mind from better things. As a result, he became one of the best-paid authors of his time. Public outcry, however, led him to feature Holmes in 1901 in the novel. Holmes was ultimately featured in a total of 56 —the last published in 1927—and four novels by Doyle, and has since appeared in. Other works Doyle's house in Doyle's first novels were , not published until 1888, and the unfinished , published only in 2011. The latter popularised the mystery of the and added fictional details such as the perfect condition of the ship which had actually taken on water by the time it was discovered and its boats remaining on board the one boat was in fact missing that have come to dominate popular accounts of the incident. Doyle's spelling of the ship's name as Marie Celeste has become more common in everyday use than the original form. Between 1888 and 1906, Doyle wrote seven historical novels, which he and many critics regarded as his best work. He also authored nine other novels, and later in his career 1912—29 five narratives, two of novel length, featuring the irascible scientist. The Challenger stories include what is probably his best-known work after the Holmes oeuvre,. His historical novels include and its follow-up , set in the. He was a prolific author of short stories, including two collections set in featuring the French character. While living in , the seaside resort of , Doyle played as a goalkeeper for , an amateur side, under the pseudonym A. Doyle was a keen , and between 1899 and 1907 he played 10 matches for the MCC. He also played for the amateur cricket team the alongside authors and. His highest score, in 1902 against , was 43. He was an occasional bowler who took just one first-class wicket, although one of the highest pedigree as it was. Doyle was an amateur. In 1909, he was invited to referee the — heavyweight championship fight in. However, the distance and my engagements presented a final bar. He had moved to Little Windlesham house in with Jean Leckie, his second wife, and resided there with his family from 1907 until his death in July 1930. She was the youngest daughter of J. Hawkins, of , Gloucestershire, and the sister of one of Doyle's patients. In 1907 he married Jean Elizabeth Leckie 14 March 1874 — 27 June 1940 , whom he had first met and fallen in love with in 1897. He had maintained a platonic relationship with Jean while his first wife was still alive, out of loyalty to her. Jean died in London. Doyle fathered five children. He had two with his first wife: Mary Louise 28 January 1889 — 12 June 1976 and Arthur Alleyne Kingsley, known as Kingsley 15 November 1892 — 28 October 1918. He had an additional three with his second wife: Denis Percy Stewart 17 March 1909 — 9 March 1955 , second husband of Princess ; 19 November 1910 — 3 June 1970 ; and 21 December 1912 — 18 November 1997. All of Doyle's five children died without issue, leaving him with no grandchildren or direct descendants. Following the in South Africa at the turn of the 20th century and the condemnation from some quarters over the 's role, Doyle wrote a short work titled The War in South Africa: Its Cause and Conduct, which argued that the UK's role in the Boer War was justified, and which was widely translated. Doyle had served as a volunteer doctor in the Langman Field Hospital at between March and June 1900. Doyle believed that this publication was responsible for his being as a by in 1902 and for his appointment as a Deputy-Lieutenant of. Also in 1900 he wrote a book,. He stood for Parliament twice as a —in 1900 in and in 1906 in the —but although he received a respectable vote, he was not elected. Doyle was appointed a Knight of Grace of the in 1903. Doyle was a supporter of the campaign for the reform of the , led by the journalist and diplomat. During 1909 he wrote , a long pamphlet in which he denounced the horrors of that colony. He became acquainted with Morel and Casement, and it is possible that, together with , they inspired several characters in the 1912 novel. Doyle broke with Robinson when he became one of the leaders of the movement during the. When Casement was found guilty of against after the , Doyle tried unsuccessfully to save him from facing the death penalty, arguing that Casement had been driven mad and could not be held responsible for his actions. Doyle statue in , East Sussex Doyle was also a fervent advocate of justice and personally investigated two closed cases, which led to two men being exonerated of the crimes of which they were accused. The first case, in 1906, involved a shy half-British, half-Indian lawyer named who had allegedly penned threatening letters and mutilated animals in. Police were set on Edalji's conviction, even though the mutilations continued after their suspect was jailed. Apart from helping George Edalji, Doyle's work helped establish a way to correct other miscarriages of justice, as it was partially as a result of this case that the was established in 1907. The story of Doyle and Edalji was dramatised in an episode of the 1972 BBC television series, The Edwardians. In Nicholas Meyer's pastiche 1976 , Holmes manages to help clear the name of a shy Indian character wronged by the English justice system. Edalji was of Parsi heritage on his father's side. The story was fictionalised in 's 2005 novel , which was adapted into a three-part drama by ITV in 2015. The second case, that of , a and gambling-den operator convicted of bludgeoning an 82-year-old woman in in 1908, excited Doyle's curiosity because of inconsistencies in the prosecution case and a general sense that Slater was not guilty. He ended up paying most of the costs for Slater's successful appeal in 1928. Doyle had a longstanding interest in subjects. He was initiated as a 26 January 1887 at the Phoenix Lodge No. He resigned from the Lodge in 1889, but returned to it in 1902, only to resign again in 1911. Also in Southsea in 1887, influenced by a member of the Portsmouth Literary and Philosophical Society, Major-General , he began a series of psychic investigations. These included attending around 20 , experiments in and sittings with mediums. Writing to journal , that year, he declared himself to be a Spiritualist and spoke of one particular psychic event that had convinced him. Though he later wavered, he remained fascinated by the. He was a founding member of the Hampshire Society for Psychical Research in 1889 and joined the London-based in 1893. He joined Sir Sidney Scott and on a poltergeist investigation in Devon in 1894. Nevertheless, during this period, he remained, in essence, a dilettante. During 1916, at the height of , a change came over Conan Doyle's beliefs prompted by the apparent psychic abilities of his children's nanny, Lily Loder Symonds. The New Revelation was the title of his first Spiritualist work, published two years later. In the intervening years, he wrote to Light magazine about his faith and lectured frequently on the truth of Spiritualism. War-related deaths close to him certainly strengthened his long-held belief in life after death and spirit communication, though it is wrong to claim that the death of his son, Kingsley, turned him to Spiritualism, as is often stated. Doyle came out as a Spiritualist to the public in 1916, a full two years before his son's death. It was on 28 October 1918 that Kingsley died from pneumonia contracted during his convalescence after being seriously wounded in the 1916. Doyle's brother Innes Doyle died, also from pneumonia, in February 1919. His two brothers-in-law one of whom was , creator of the literary character and his two nephews also died shortly after the war. His second book on Spiritualism, , appeared in 1919. Doyle found solace supporting spiritualism and its attempts to find proof of. In particular, according to some, he favoured and encouraged the to accept an eighth precept — that of following the teachings and example of. He was a member of the renowned supernatural organisation. Doyle with his family in New York City, 1922 In 1919 the magician staged a séance at his own flat in , with Doyle in attendance. Some later commentators have stated that he declared the manifestations to be genuine. In 1920, Doyle debated the claims of with the notable sceptic at Queen's Hall in London. McCabe later published his evidence against the claims of Doyle and Spiritualism in a booklet entitled Is Spiritualism Based on Fraud? Doyle believed that many cases of diagnosed were the result of. He debated the psychiatrist , who was diametrically opposed to Doyle's views. He travelled to Australia and New Zealand on spiritualist missionary work in 1920, and continued his mission all the way up to his death, speaking about his spiritualist conviction in Britain, Europe, and the United States. One of the five photographs of Frances Griffiths with the , taken by Elsie Wright in July 1917 Doyle was also inspired by his Spiritualist beliefs to write a novel on the subject, , featuring the character Professor Challenger. He wrote many other non-fictional Spiritualist works; perhaps his most famous being The Coming of the Fairies 1922 which reveals Conan Doyle's conviction in the veracity of the five photographs. He reproduced them in the book, together with theories about the nature and existence of fairies and spirits. Initially suspected of being falsified, the photos were decades later determined to be faked along with admissions from the photographers. Doyle was friends for a time with , the American magician who himself became a prominent opponent of the Spiritualist movement in the 1920s following the death of his beloved mother. Although Houdini insisted that Spiritualist mediums employed trickery and consistently exposed them as frauds , Doyle became convinced that Houdini himself possessed supernatural powers—a view expressed in Doyle's The Edge of the Unknown. Houdini was apparently unable to convince Doyle that his feats were simply illusions, leading to a bitter public falling out between the two. A specific incident is recounted in memoirs by Houdini's friend , in which Houdini performed an impressive trick at his home in the presence of Conan Doyle. According to Ernst, Conan Doyle refused to believe it was a trick. In 1922, the psychical researcher accused the spirit photographer of fraud. Doyle defended Hope, but further evidence of trickery was obtained from other researchers. Doyle and spiritualist were duped into believing had genuine psychic powers, both claiming that the Zancigs used. In 1924 Julius and Agnes Zancig confessed that their act was a trick and published the secret code and all the details of the trick method they had used, under the title Our Secrets!! Doyle praised the phenomena and spirit produced by and , who were both exposed as frauds. Doyle's two-volume book The History of Spiritualism was published in 1926. Leslie Curnow, a spiritualist, contributed much research to the book. In 1926, wrote a predominantly supportive review of Doyle's book The History of Spiritualism in the journal. This caused controversy, and several critics such as pointed to the evidence of fraud in mediumship and Doyle's non-scientific approach to the subject. In 1927, Doyle spoke in a filmed interview about Sherlock Holmes and spiritualism. Milner says that Doyle had a motive—namely, revenge on the scientific establishment for debunking one of his favourite psychics—and that contains several encrypted clues regarding his involvement in the hoax. Façade of with Doyle's children, Mary and Kingsley, on the drive Doyle commissioned a newly-built home from Joseph Henry Ball, an architect friend, in 1895, and played an active part of the design process. He lived in which is near in from October 1897 to September 1907. It was a hotel and restaurant from 1924 until 2004, when it was bought by a developer and stood empty while conservationists and Doyle fans fought to preserve it. In 2012, the in London ruled the redevelopment permission be quashed because proper procedure had not been followed, but it is now due to become part of the Stepping Stones school for children with disabilities and additional needs. Doyle was staying at the during March 1912 and made his most ambitious foray into architecture: sketching the original designs for a third storey extension and altering the front facade to the building. Work began later that year and the building as it is today is a near perfect expression of Doyle's plans. In 1914, on a family trip to the Jasper National Park in Canada, he designed a golf course and ancillary buildings for a hotel. The plans were realised in full, but neither the golf course nor the buildings have survived. In 1926, Doyle laid the foundation stone for a Spiritualist temple in Camden, London. Of the building's total £600 construction costs, he provided £500. Doyle in 1930, the year of his death, with his son Adrian Doyle was found clutching his chest in the hall of Windlesham Manor, his house in , East Sussex, on 7 July 1930. He died of a heart attack at the age of 71. He was first buried on 11 July 1930 in Windlesham rose garden. He was later reinterred together with his wife in churchyard in the , Hampshire. Carved wooden tablets to his memory and to the memory of his wife, originally from the church at Minstead, are on display as part of a Sherlock Holmes exhibition at Portsmouth Museum. A statue honours Doyle at Crowborough Cross in Crowborough, where he lived for 23 years. There is a statue of Sherlock Holmes in Picardy Place, , close to the house where Doyle was born. Sherlock Holmes Handbook 2nd ed. Retrieved 11 February 2017. Sherlock Holmes for Dummies. Retrieved 30 December 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2011. Some sources say there were nine children, some say ten. It seems three died in childhood. Arthur Conan Doyle: A Life in Letters. Arthur Conan Doyle: Beyond Baker Street. New York: Oxford University Press. The Scientific Sherlock Holmes: Cracking the Case with Science and Forensics. New York: Oxford University Press. The Adventures of Arthur Conan Doyle. New York: Random House. The Life and Times of Arthur Conan Doyle. In time, he would reject the Catholic religion and become an agnostic. Arthur Conan Doyle: Beyond Baker Street. Ruyton XI Towns, Unusual Name, Unusual History. Retrieved 9 January 2016. Teller of Tales: The Life of Arthur Conan Doyle. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. Retrieved 2 February 2014. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. Retrieved 2 February 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2015. Dangerous Work: Diary of an Arctic Adventure. University Of Chicago Press; ;. Retrieved 6 November 2017. The Adventures of Conan Doyle. Retrieved 21 October 2016. Edgar Allan Poe: A to Z. New York: Checkmark Books, 2001. The Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press. Retrieved 4 January 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2011. Full-Time at The Dell. Retrieved 17 January 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2018. Oxford University Press, 2012;. The New York Times. The Adventures of Arthur Conan Doyle. New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2008. Archived from on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011. PIETRE-STONES REVIEW OF FREEMASONRY. Retrieved 13 March 2015. Conan Doyle and the Mysterious World of Light, 1887—1920. Conan Doyle and the Mysterious World of Light, 1887—1920. Conan Doyle and the Mysterious World of Light, 1887—1920. Conan Doyle and the Mysterious World of Light, 1887—1920. Conan Doyle and the Mysterious World of Light, 1887—1920. Archived from on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2013. Hidden Memories: Voices and Visions from Within. The Illustrated History of Magic. Conan Doyle and the Mysterious World of Light, 1887—1920. Devilish But True: The Doctor Looks at Spiritualism. Retrieved 12 June 2013. Secrets of the Psychics: Investigating Paranormal Claims. The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. Archived from on 12 April 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017. The Committee For Skeptical Inquiry. Retrieved 5 December 2013. The Secret Life of Houdini: The Making of America's First Superhero. Final Séance: The Strange Friendship Between Houdini and Conan Doyle. The Secret Life of Houdini: The Making of America's First Superhero. Sherlock Holmes and his Creator. Teller of Tales: The Life of Arthur Conan Doyle. Retrieved 5 October 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014. Naked is the Best Disguise: The Death and Resurrection of Sherlock Holmes. An Entirely New Country: Arthur Conan Doyle, Undershaw and the Resurrection of Sherlock Holmes. Retrieved 12 November 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2014. The Doctor and the Detective: A Biography of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Carroll and Graf Publishers. The Appeal's Pocket Series. Houdini and Conan Doyle: The Story of a Strange Friendship. Albert and Charles Boni, Inc. Conan Doyle for the Defense. Conan Doyle and the Spirits: The Spiritualist Career of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Arthur Conan Doyle: A Life in Letters. The Man Who Created Sherlock Holmes: The Life and Times of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The Adventures of Arthur Conan Doyle: A Biography. Conan Doyle: A Biography. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Conan Doyle: A Biographical Solution. Littlehampton Book Services Ltd. Final Séance: The Strange Friendship Between Houdini and Conan Doyle. Teller of Tales: The Life of Arthur Conan Doyle.